India: A dream of technology prowess

India, a gigantic sub-continent in South Asia, has been the cradle of various prodigious civilisations. It not only taught the western civilisations the importance of trade and commerce, lavish lifestyle and the use of renowned  spices, but also happens to be the bridge for knowledge transfer and exchange, may it be Politics, Economics, Law and Order and even Military science. One of the most apprised and notable wealth created by the people from the soil is in Science. It is said, proudly, that it is the civilisations in India who augured and stressed over the logical reasoning. No doubt, the revered, noble and acclaimed scholars like Sushruta, Varahmhira, Aryabhata, Brahmagupta, Pingala, etc. are credited with the knowledge which was prevalent, what today the westerners claim to be theirs. The essence of Vedas, which have many scientific rendering perfectly places India’s glorious past to be of logical Reasoning. The land where spirituality is connected with scientific exploration of inner as well as outer world and teachings are imbibed to every person. It was not just the theoretical knowledge but also the its practicality what distinct the landed scholars from the others. Just for an insight, the decimal system, which is said to be one of the pinnacle of mathematics was given by Indian Scholars to the world. Also, it is a proven fact now, the Harrappan Civilisation used proper measurement systems for building purposes. The King Ajatshatru (son of the great King Bimbisar of Haryanka Dynasty) had developed state of the art Defence Technology (obviously in comparison to their cohorts of that time in the world) like Mahashila Kantak (Canon), Rathmushal (Tank) etc. Hence, there is not even a dearth of perturbation to put Indian historical accumulated knowledge and development to be a falsified claim, as what the western scholars call it to be.

A dive into the great history of the land, proves it, that the scourge of internal turbulence have withered away the compounded knowledge, just like the “Dark Ages”. The land had been under attack since yore of the Gupta Empire ( 2nd – 3rd AD circa), which led to the establishment of the rule of Kushanas, Shakas, Pahalvas etc. From the Turks, Afghans, Uzbeks and even Mongolian raids meant not only looting, incinerating cities, villages and mass genocide but also, resulted, asunder the knowledge and its keepers. Furthermore, after deliberate jabbed formation of British Empire through sly means brought India into an era of further oppression continuing till independence. The enlightening fact lies is that, although, India had earlier faced barbarism through raids which were for short period. But the Britishers, to rule, implied cunning and slew practices which looted not just economically but also of the great sense of identity of being progeny of great ancient civilisation.

Post- Independence India faced realities, i.e. poverty, hunger, security dilemma, partition, Cold-War politics, lack of technology due to age old oppression which led to food crisis, destruction of traditional structure of society which held the paternal knowledge, and the vices introduced by the Empire. But, the forefathers with proper insights and a leg into the future formed Constitution to rein India back to its hitherto held place. A place of prosperous land. Hence, by re-aligning the priorities, under the democracy, we still heading straight to the target. Today, we stand tall in the Aerospace industry, one of the responsible nuclear power, cradle of innovation as well as technology application. After independence the nation faced exigency related to the survival of Citizens, and today India is striving towards excellence may it be Science, Governance, Economy, Politics or International Relations. There was a time when India was threatened with embargoes, but it is only the perseverance of the people which brought it out as a bright star. As per IMF, India is going to become World’s Fifth largest economy, surpassing United Kingdom and France by 2018 and Third largest by 2030. Also, India is going through a period of demographic dividend, where about sixty percent population is under Thirty years of age. Yet ,although a number of theoretical criteria are in favour, India is considered to be technological backward when juxtaposed to US, China or other developed nation. The reasons for conditions somewhat lies in the Historical related facts, rampant corruption, illiteracy, internal politics, and many more. Keeping these facts to the fore, another sets of facts tells a different picture, for example India is reckoned amongst the top aerospace technology destination, developed missiles like Brahmos, have indigenous developed Inter-continental Ballistic Missiles ( Agni-V), having Nuclear capabilities, etc. What these facts point to?

Though, it is quite right that India lacks in High-end technology development relating to manufacturing industry, material technology, etc. In pharmaceutical sector, India is lacking behind in production of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (API), which is being imported in bulk from China! Similarly, in manufacturing sector India lags behind in exporting goods. India’s share to the world export lies close to 2% only, whereas China’s share is nearly 13%. Such facts cut across all the lines and raises obvious dubious representation.

Technical education is facing quality deliverable challenge. Today India is producing nearly more than 1.5 million technical graduates annually, but due to lack of infrastructure, improperly guided and lackadaisical education policy these graduates are facing hurdles in the form of industrial knowledge, add-on value skills, innovation skills, lagging entrepreneurial development opportunities and many more factors which directly or indirectly relates to the job creation and Indian Economy. First and foremost step towards checking the aberrance is correcting policy paralysis relating to Education. What Graduates require is market ready skills, which now is being answered through schemes like “Skill India”. Apart from that innovation funds have been set up under tinkering labs, and other entrepreneurship programmes. Secondly, Job creation is also a challenge which is being handled through Make in India initiative. Thirdly, availability of government aided educational institutions alike of IIT’s, NIT’s, IIIT’s and more and more effort should be made to establish more and upgrade present infrastructure with benchmark of MIT, Harvard, Imperial College of London etc. Fourthly, creating infrastructure and correcting policies will have no use until the government devices the plan of holding up to created assets. The issue of brain drain has profited more the western, already developed countries. Sons and daughters of India, although ruling the Multi-National Institutions, would prove more beneficial to India if they produce and integrated their ideas by participating in Indian economy directly. Fifthly, providing research funding is another crucial aspect for the technological development. Today, Chinese are attracting worldwide scholars and researches and providing all the facilities from research funding, highly paid salaries, are taken care of the residential facilities etc. Such practices has to be accorded well with a proper policy frameworks. Taking into account all these factors and a hope that government works towards these basic tenets, it would take at least a decade to see fructified image. Another aspect, which relates to the psychology of Indian society is a cult of Government Jobs, Corporate Jobs and tacit outlook towards entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship is one and only way to develop India Technologically. Indian land has given birth to dextrous minds like Satya Nadella, Sundar Pichai, Shantanu Narayen, Sanjay Mehrotra, Dr.Soumya Swaminathan, Tanmay Bakshi etc. Until unless young minds tinker up their heads for solutions of the past problems and prognosticate needs, a dream of Prosperous India will remain unattained.


Did you like the post? If yes, then don’t forget to Like. And also Follow me to stay in touch with my future posts.

Thanks for Visiting.


Moral and Ethics in Everyday life

Today, while crossing the foot over bridge, I came across an incident that brought my vehement concern over the minute cognizance of mine which regards the basic human values. I saw an old lady, may be around 80’s, crossing the road. It was peak hour time and the traffic was all over the road. She was trying to cross the road, probably because she didn’t have the will to step up and down off the giant bridge. With all her ability, she tried to keel across the road but wasn’t able to take the steps ahead. As whenever she took one, some vehicle came and she kept on vacillating to and fro. She kept on struggling the best she could. But soon, I saw three boys who parked their car and went to the lady, halted the spurting traffic and helped her to cross road patiently. An instant twitching smile came on my face, as the boys really did a great job.
Many a times, we find ourselves in such a situation where one has to go out of the way to help others. Those who can and does, reflect their moral and ethical values. By helping the old lady, the boys clearly demonstrated the concrete base of morality and the way they stopped the traffic to let her cross, defines the ethical ground.


‘Morality’ simply means the principle which tells us the distinction between right or wrong and good or bad. It is something which depends upon one’s knowledge of understanding and ability to interpret. As Mahatma Gandhiji says, “Morality is the basis of things and truth is the substance of all morality”. The one’s basis of moral values may differ from culture to culture or society to society or community to community, but at the end essence of it remains the same. I date back when I was a toddler, my family continuously taught me to regard others by “Namaste”, saying “Thank you”, and so on. This is the very beginning construction of one’s moral base. As we enter into the age when we start adapting the intellectual teaching of our family, we get bind to the moral thinking of the society which we have been taught for long, since born. One’s moral values are deeply linked with the cultural and religious background. It is not necessary or essential that the moral values will be ethical in the view of different cultures, religion or society. This is where the distinction comes within the society. Ethics on the other part are set of common realized values of the entire society. It may or may not be based on moral values. Ethics is an outcome of one’s self-reasoning ability to the practice, behavior, intention, action, even in one’s thought also. These are the codified or normative version of do’s and dont’s. According to the great philosopher of times Immanuel Kant writes,” In law a man is guilty when he violates the rights of others. In ethics he is guilty if he only thinks of doing so”. In short, having adhered to certain moral values does not make you ethical, but being ethical does make you moral.


Often certain questions keeps on embarking me like why being moral and ethical is necessary for us? How does it matter and affect, if one doesn’t adhere to it? Moral values starts building as said above from the family, society or community and school. We learn as we grow. It construe that moral values are intrinsic, they are bounded within a specific culture. But it doesn’t mean that they don’t have extrinsic value. To understand it, consider a 5 year old boy Rahul. He has never been taught anything by parents or relatives. The very first day he goes school, he learns to greet teacher or in fact taught to do so. So every time the teacher comes, he makes his habit to greet teacher. Similarly, now think that if the parent teaches Rahul to wish relatives, worship in temple, eating vegetarian food, and so on. He will too make it his habit and soon it becomes a moral code for him. While in school, Rahul learns to share his belongings with his friends and helping schoolmates in their work. While playing with them, he learns how the combined effort of his team wins and so on. The whole idea and approach towards the community builds up. Now to understand how moral values and teaching differ between societies, consider Rahul’s classmate Imran. Imran on the other hand has been told to greet with “Assalamu alaikum” to his relatives, being non-vegetarian, worshipping in Mosque and so on. The difference in moral conduct clearly reflects, but while we get into the essence it will be the same. While in school or away, both of them will help each other and playing together. So, it clearly tells us that the moral values differ among different cultures, society etc. Despite of this difference, they still are coherent with each other in one or another way.


On the other hand, ethics goes parallel with the moral values. But if in conflict, the ethical values will always overcome as these are higher version of the former. Coming back to Rahul and Imran, albeit of their different cultures, they have to follow the norms specified by the school. They have to adhere with the dress code, prayers, teachings and everything that is codified by the school. In the much broader prospect of one, if working in a company has to follow the company norms, if doing business has to follow the management norms, and as a whole living in a country has to strictly adhere to the Constitution. So, in a place where the people of variant cultures meet, work, and or come together for specific cause. We seldom have choice to consider the validation of one’s decision or choice on moral principles. That is why in formal world, we use the word ethical. It is always taken that the person with the ethical values will always have high moral values.


Everywhere we may go, we’ll find the importance of culture, religion, society or community and where these all co-exist, we find moral values and ethics. It’s hard to separate one from these values, as they make up the basis of our everyday chores, and makes us suitable to live in society with so diversified and enormous rich culture, especially in country like India.